To mark the 20th anniversary of the Parmigiani Fleurier leather strap watches brand, the company recently celebrated at the Miami Design District with an exhibition of 25 of its 33 movements created over the past two decades, including 10 world firsts. The exhibit is open to the public until the end of the year and is designed to showcase the innovative spirit and top-quality watchmaking of the brand.
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Among the highly technical movements, conceived of by master watchmaker and founder of the brand, Michele Parmigiani, is the Ovale Pantographe with telescopic hands that extend at the top and bottom of the oval-shaped dial and contract on the sides for perfect indication of time. That watch was years in the making. Parmigiani is also well known for its haute horlogerie Bugatti watches, and several of those movements (and watches) are on display – including the famed Bugatti 370 caliber with revolutionary transverse movement.
While the first wristwatch ever made by the brand was the Kalpa Hebdomadaire tonneau-shaped watch that has become an iconic line for the brand, Parmigiani Fleurier luminous fake watches UK have – over the past two decades – unveiled a host of new shapes and collections, including the round Tonda, whose case shape plays home to the brand’s Chrono Anniversaire – its first caliber with integrated chronograph that was unveiled earlier this year at SIHH.
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Although Parmigiani Fleurier cheap fake watches UK are 20 years old this year, Michel Parmigiani began his career in watchmaking 40 years ago in 1976, when he opened a restoration workshop. In the 1980’s, while restoring pieces in the Maurice-Yves Sandoz collection, he became close with the Sandoz family, which eventually supported him in his efforts to start his brand in 1996. Over the years, the brand has unveiled – as mentioned – 33 new movements, 10 of which are world firsts.
Additionally, Parmigiani continues to create clocks of significant substance. Among them are Lalique clocks with usual movements, and an incredible horse-inspired automaton clock that is one of the most mesmerizing works of art and time. We will bring you more about that clock here soon.
Hairsprings made of silicon, or silicium in Francophone watch-speak, were usually a feature found only in pricier Tissot cheap fake watches UK, often costing US$5000 or more. At Baselworld 2017, Tissot has changed that with the Ballade Powermatic 80 that starts at just US$925, a sterling example of what industrial production can accomplish – Tissot is the Switzerland’s largest maker of watches, with an output of some 4m or about 15% of the nation’s total production.
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The Powermatic 80 movement replica Tissot watches, or more precisely the calibre C07.811 Si, is a heavily souped up ETA 2824, the no-frills workhorse movement found in many affordable watches. While the basic ETA 2824 has a 38 hour power reserve, the Powermatic 80 will run for 80 hours, or just over three days. And because the movement is regulated by machine when put together, there’s no need for a regulator index, a feature that’s no doubt derived from the technology inside the Sistem51 made by Swatch, Tissot’s sister company.
But the highlight is the hairspring made of silicon (more specifically, silicon with an oxide layer), a material that is immune to magnetism and ambient temperature changes, as well as being lightweight and robust. Though silicon is more fragile than metal when handled, replacing silicon parts is swift and low-cost, since they are produced by the hundreds in what is akin to a high-tech printer.
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Visually the Ballade is much less interesting than the technical features inside alas. The case is stainless steel high quality fake Tissot watches, decorated with a hobnail pattern on the bezel and dial. The Ballade is available in two sizes each for men and women: the Ballade Gent (39mm or 41mm) and the Ballade Lady (30.6mm or 32mm).
Resurrecting a name Zenith replica watches UK have used for various sports watches in the past, the Defy El Primero 21 is equipped with the El Primero 9004, one of the most significant improvements to Zenith’s signature chronograph movement since 1969, and the brand’s highlight at Baselworld 2017.
Equipped with two balance wheels and mainsprings, what Zenith labels a “double-chain structure”, the new chronograph has a resolution of 1/100th of a second. Constructed in a manner reminiscent of the TAG Heuer Mikrograph that has the same features, the new El Primero was unsurprisingly devised by a team that included engineers from TAG Heuer.
The timekeeping half of the “double-chain” is conventional El Primero, running at 36,00 beats per hour (bph), and self-winding with a power reserve of 50 hours.
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The other half of the movement runs the fraction of a second chronograph. This has a second balance wheel that runs at 360,000bph or 50Hz, which explains its smaller size and very short hairspring.
Because the 1/100th of a second chronograph has its own mainspring, it has a 50-minunte power reserve that’s independent from the main timekeeping portion of the movement. Manually wound via the crown (25 turns for a full wind), the chronograph power reserve is shown on the dial at 12 o’clock.
The 1/100th of a second measurement is shown on the central chronograph hand, while the counter at six o’clock measures 60 seconds, and that at three o’clock, 30 minutes. The constant seconds is at nine o’clock.
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Notably, both hairsprings are made of “carbon-matrix carbon nanotube composite”, a carbon-based composite strengthened with carbon nanotubes. The material is light, resistant to magnetism, and patented by LVMH, Zenith’s parent company.
The Defy El Primero 21 is 44mm in diameter fake Zenith watches, with angular lines inspired by 1970s El Primero chronographs. It’s available in titanium with an open-worked or silver dial, or in ceramised aluminium with an open-worked dial. The latter is an aluminium alloy that’s been treated to create a black ceramic oxide layer on its surface.